Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases. There are various potential cancer cells in human body, which are normally destroyed by immune system. Cancer occurs when the immune system fails and starts to allow these abnormal cells to grow and spread in various parts of the body.
Across the world cancer has become an imminent threat. Every year 0.3 million people in India die due to cancer. Passive smoking is one of the major causes of cancer accounting to 6 lakh deaths as per a report in 2010.
Cancer can be caused to due to both internal and external factors. Genes, hormones or poor immunity are some of the internal causes. On the other hand, environmental factors like social, population growth, eating habits, etc. are some of the external causes of cancer.
However, proper care and treatment can help to overcome this disease. So, it is important to be aware of the various causes, prevention and treatment of cancer. India is considered as one of the top destinations for providing cancer treatment.
Many cancer hospitals in India provide quality healthcare and cancer treatment especially in cities like Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, etc. Mumbai is considered by various domestic and international patients since it contains some of the best cancer hospitals in Mumbai.
There are many good hospitals in Mumbai for cancer treatment such as Breach Candy Hospital, Tata Memorial Hospital, Saifee Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Fortis Hospital among others.
The treatment and cost of the treatment depends on the nature and stage of the tumour.
Types of cancer
There are over 100 types of cancer. Here are some of the most common types of cancer:-
- Lung cancer
- Throat cancer
- Skin cancer
- Breast cancer
- Brain cancer
- Blood cancer
Each of these can be further divided into many sub-types. For example, skin cancers can be melanoma or non-melanoma.
Symptoms of cancer
Cancer when diagnosed at an early stage is much easier to treat. If you have any of these signs and symptoms, it is better to contact a cancer specialist without much delay:
- Lung cancer-coughing or vomiting of blood is a signal of lung cancer
- Breast cancer-a lump in the breast is a sign of breast cancer
- Bowel cancer-constipation or diarrhoea can be a symptom of bowel cancer
- Skin cancer-red or pink lump not healing even after four weeks and keeps getting bigger in size.
Stages of Cancer
- Stage 0-Cancer cells have not spread to other parts of the body.
- Stage 1-Cancer cells have not yet spread to lymph nodes but it has started to affect the nearby tissues.
- Stage 2 and 3-Started to spread in the nearby tissues and has become much larger.
- Stage 4-Cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. This stage is also known as advanced cancer stage.
Cancer treatment procedures
With the advancement of technology, the success ration of cancer treatment has increased significantly. The nature of cancer treatment depends upon the stage and type of cancer. It also depends upon the patients’ age, health and lifestyle. Some of the treatment procedures and surgeries for cancer have been listed below:
- Radiation therapy
- Curative surgery
- Biological surgeries
- Preventive surgery
- Diagnostic surgery
- Palliative surgery
- Restorative surgery
Cancer treatment-India vs Abroad
It is a false belief quality treatment can be provided only by highly developed countries such as UK and US. The medical sector in India has seen a remarkable improvement in the recent years. Moreover, India is no less to other nations win terms of equipment and services required for cancer treatment. Some of the major factors which make India preferable for cancer treatment over other countries are listed below:
- Affordable costs
- Quality of treatment similar to developed nations
- Doctors to patients ratio
- Various ayurvedic treatments as an alternative
- Infrastructure is pretty good
Cancer trends in India has seen a lot of changes for the better. The treatment methods have vastly improved due to palliative care, teamwork and allied-based medicines. NGOs and support groups also helps in creating awareness about cancer.
Thus, it can be concluded that India is right at the top in terms of providing best cancer treatment at affordable costs. A powerful medical and pharmaceutical sector adds to the advantage.
Cancer is just a beginning of a new challenge and not the end of the story. Together, we can fight cancer and overcome it.
Current Affiliation- Health Research Scholar and Medical Blogger.
I keep writing on health related topics and publish it.
Date of Birth- 12/10/1994
Hobbies- Travelling, sports, reading