Formation of Barium Chloride
Barium chloride is a salt of barium. BaCl2 is as a result of a chemical reaction between barium carbonate or barium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid. The chemical reaction produces water making barium chloride a hydrated salt at this point.
In big industries and large-scale manufacturing, there are two steps to follow so that you can produce the salt. High temperatures are used in the reaction process between barium sulphate and carbon to result in Barium Sulphate. This is the first step. The next step calcium chloride undergoes fusion with barium sulphate to result in barium chloride and calcium sulphate.
For you to get barium chloride in crystal form, subject the hydrous solution to heat until 113 degrees Celsius. The water evaporates and you remain with anhydrous barium chloride.
Chemical and physical properties of BaCl2
-Highly soluble in methanol and water
-Melts at 963 degrees Celsius
-The boiling point is 1560 degrees Celsius
-Has a density of 3.856 g/Ml at 25 degrees Celsius
-Storage temperatures should be about 2-8 degrees Celsius
-Salt is in bead form
-Appears as colorless crystals that are monoclinic
-Partially soluble in nitric acid and hydrochloric acid
-Doesn’t dissolve in acids, acetone, ethanol and ethyl acetate
Uses of barium chloride
-Used in testing for the presence of sulphate ions in samples in laboratories
-Purification of brine solution in caustic chlorine plants
-Manufacturing barium salts
-Used to make fireworks
-Manufacturing heat treatment salts
-Used in calibration devices and instruments
-Manufacturing electronic instruments
Dangers of barium chloride
Always buy barium chloride from a respected supplier so that you get an authentic product. BaCl2 is packaged in tightly sealed tins to avoid exposure to moisture that will hydrate it. Always seek information from helpful resources prior to using it so that you are aware of its hazardous effects.
-Barium chloride may be corrosive to some metals
–Causes acute toxicity when ingested
-Causes skin corrosion or irritation
-Causes severe eye irritation and damage
-Harmful when inhaled
Precautionary measures to take when handling Barium Chloride
Wear full protective gear including gloves, an overall and safety boots before using barium chloride to prevent skin contact. A mask should be necessary for covering your nose and mouth to prevent inhaling or ingesting this salt.
Avoid areas where dust, gas, fumes, vapors, mist or barium chloride spray has been used.
Thoroughly wash your hands and skin after using BaCl2 to prevent irritation.
If you suspect that you have ingested this salt, rinse your mouth thoroughly to prevent poisoning.
Victims who have inhaled BaCl2 should be brought out to fresh air and made to rest in a position they can easily and comfortably breath.
In case barium chloride reaches your eyes, rinse your eyes thoroughly with clean water and remove contact lenses and continue rinsing before you can seek help from an optician.
Barium chloride salts should be placed in airtight containers. Stored away from sunlight and out of reach of children. After using tins used to store BaCl2, incinerated. This safety measure applies mostly in environment with children to avoid them picking tins up and using them as play items.